Short and easy Félix Gallardo wiki: Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo is a former Mexican drug lord who founded and led the Guadalajara cartel in the 1980s, commonly referred to as El Padrino (The Godfather). Félix Gallardo in his prime managed almost all the smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. Drug prohibition efforts in the early 1980s increased throughout Florida, which was then the main shipping destination for illegal drug traffickers. As a result, the Colombian cartels have started using Mexico as their primary point of transshipment.
Juan Matta-Ballesteros has been the primary connection between Félix Gallardo and the Colombian cartels. Initially, Matta-Ballesteros had introduced Félix Gallardo’s boss, Alberto Sicilia-Falcon, to Cali Cartel’s Santiago Ocampo, the leader of one of America’s largest cocaine smuggling networks. The traffickers in the Guadalajara cartel took a 50 per cent break in the cocaine they smuggled from Colombia instead of accepting cash payments for their services. To them, this was extremely profitable; some say the network of trafficking run by Felix Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, and Caro Quintero pulled in $5 billion annually.
The Sinaloa alliance led by Félix Gallardo had almost monopolized Mexico’s illicit drug trade until the late 1980s.
Family and early life of Miguel Angel
From Félix Gallardo wiki, he was born in the Mexican state of Sinaloa in 1946 and after completing his schooling, Felix began to work as a Sinaloa State Police Trooper. As a police officer he soon became the bodyguard of the then Governor of Sinaloa, Leopoldo Sánchez Celis. Working under Sánchez enabled him to connect with the underworld and soon began to work for Pedro Avilés, a marijuana smuggler. He married Maria Elvira at the same time, and had fathered two children.
Career as smuggling
Félix’s friend Rafael Caro Quintero creates a new form of marijuana crop in the early 80s, one that can be grown without seed. With the military acting vigorously on marijuana growers, Félix sees an opportunity to cultivate the Caro Quintero plant in a secluded spot in Guadalajara. Félix Gallardo, after preventing Rafael’s capture by the military, persuades Avilés to relocate to the busier Guadalajara area. His employer sends him to Guadalara to meet with the city’s Bosses, the Naranjo brothers. Accompanied by Rafael and a reluctant Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, Félix Gallardo arrives in Guadalajara and mocks one of the brothers when he refuses his plan. The group is then captured by the DFS, and Félix Gallardo persuades the DFS officers to take him to Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, a director of the DFS who has also smuggled drugs.
Miguel, Rafael and Ernesto planting to Guadalajara city, According to Félix Gallardo wiki
Intrigued by Caro’s seedless sinsemilla weed, Esparragoza kills the other Naranjo brother, and allows Félix Gallardo to grow his plants in Guadalajara. Earlier, in the middle of the desert, Miguel, Rafael and Ernesto drive over to the large patch of land where Miguel declares his plans to establish a drug empire. The property gradually transforms into the cartel’s prime estate, the Rancho Búfalo.
Rancho Búfalo raid and destroyed in Billions
In November 1984, the Mexican military raided the prized Rancho Búfalo cartel, causing upward damage of $8 billion (value for 2019) to the cartel.
Started with Cocaine
Rafael and his mother are planning a bogus elope abduction together. The father of the girl, the education secretary and a member of the powerful PRI party are setting up a Rafael manhunt. Miguel instructs Rafael to report to the authorities, but then changes his mind, letting him lay low with Don Neto in the countryside. Osuna Nava contacts Miguel and forces him to deliver an American weapons cache to a Nicaraguan armed insurgency group. With no other options available, Miguel and Amado Carrillo Fuentes travel to Nicaragua, where the rebels torture them until they are rescued by an accompanying CIA officer.
Miguel finds piles of cocaine held in a warehouse before leaving for Mexico, ready to be sold. The CIA officer informs him that the Caribbean corridor used by Colombian cartels to traffic cocaine into the United States is closed, leaving the cartels with no options to send cocaine.
Arrest of Félix Gallardo
Félix Gallardo kept a low profile, and moved to Guadalajara City with his family in 1987. He was arrested in Mexico on 8 April 1989 and charged with the kidnapping and murder of DEA agent Enrique Camarena, racketeering, drug smuggling and other violent crimes by the authorities in Mexico and the United States.
Félix Gallardo also spent time as a guest at the house of the governor of Sinaloa, which Governor Antonio Toledo Corro refuted, according to US officials. When asked about his association with Félix Gallardo, Governor Toledo said he was “unconscious of any arrest warrants outstanding” against Félix Gallardo.
Félix Gallardo’s arrest was the impetus to expose the widespread corruption in Mexico at the political and law enforcement levels. Within days of the arrest of Félix Gallardo, and threatened by the media, many police officials were arrested and as many as 90 officers deserted.
Imprisonment of Félix Gallardo
Although imprisoned, Félix Gallardo remained one of the largest smugglers in Mexico, managing his cartel by mobile telephone until he was moved to the Altiplano maximum security prison in the 1990s, where he served part of his 37 year sentence.
As he was aging, Félix Gallardo complained that while in jail he worked in poor conditions. He claims he suffers from vertigo, deafness, sight loss and problems with blood circulation. He stays in a cell of 240 around 440 cm, which he is not allowed to leave, even for recreational use. In March 2013, when he reached his 70th birthday, which was on 8 January 2016, Félix Gallardo began a legal process to continue his sentence at home. A Mexican federal court denied a petition by Félix Gallardo on 29 April 2014 to be transferred from the maximum-security prison to a medium-security one. On 18 December 2014, due to his declining health, the federal authorities approved his application to transfer to a medium-security prison in Guadalajara City.
Félix Gallardo wiki, from other sources stated that, a court in Mexico City denied his request on 20 February 2019 to finalize the remainder of his term at home. The court stated that the prosecution of Félix Gallardo did not give them enough evidence to prove that his health problems were putting his life at risk.